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Glossary

Asset Index

Full list of tradable assets comprised of stocks, commodities, currencies, and indices.

CFDs

CFDs (Contract for differences) are the instrument of choice for the modern trader. Categorized as OTC (Over the Counter) derivative trading, CFDs are one of the most simple ways to trade online.
They present a contract between broker and trader, which allows the trader leverage and the opportunity to gain or lose from price fluctuations between when the contract opens and when it closes.

Commodities

A tradable and basic good used in produce such as gold, oil, corn, sugar, etc.

Currencies

The official tradable money form of any given country.

Derivatives

A financial instrument whose value derives from and is dependent on the value of an underlying asset.

Economic Calendar

A tool used by traders for the purpose of tracking the occurrence of market-moving events.

Expiry rates

The price of an underlying asset at the time that the contract expires, or ends.

Hedging

An action taken to reduce the risk of trading positions. In order to hedge, a trader takes the adverse position of their former trade. CFDs are a great way to hedge other positions taken.

Indices

Index is a measurement of the value of a section of the stock market, such as Nasdaq, FTSE, etc.

Leverage

An investment strategy that allows traders to ''borrow'' money in order to increase their trade amount and henceforth potential return. If the trade that used leverage was unsuccessful, the trader only loses as much as their investment amount.

Short

Short or short selling is a position a trader would take if they believe that the asset price will decrease in price. The aim is to profit from predicting correctly the downward price movement.

Spread

A spread is the difference in price/pips/points between the BID price and the ASK price quote (buy/sell) in a currency pair such as the EUR/USD. In CFD trading there is always a bid and ask price. The difference is known as the spread. In some cases, it is how the broker covers the cost of a trade.

Stocks

Shares of a company issued by corporations.

Stop Loss

Designed to limit the potential loss in a trade, a stop-loss is placed by a trader telling the system to automatically exit the position upon the asset reaching or falling to a certain price.

Take Profit

Designed to allow trader to ''quit while they are ahead'', the take-profit is placed by a trader telling the system to automatically exit the position upon the asset reaching or falling to a certain price.

Underlying Asset

The financial instrument upon which the derivative's price is based.

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